A CLA (collective labour agreement) is a collection of agreements between one or more employers (employers’ organisations) and one or more employees’ organisations (trade unions). A collective labour agreement is supplementary to the individual employment contract concluded between the employer and the employee. A CLA stipulates agreements and arrangements on wages and other terms and conditions of employment applicable to the company or industry.
Two types of CLA are distinguished:
The minimum CLA: the agreements contained herein form the lower limit of what an employer can offer an employee. This may be deviated from, but only in favour of the employee.
The standard CLA: agreements included herein are standard agreements, which may not be deviated from.
The CLA for Agency Workers is a minimum CLA. This means that an employment agency can always offer an agency worker more than the terms and conditions of employment stipulated in the CLA, but not less.